Guava Trees are a tropical fruit tree well suited to the home garden. Producing a sweet, fragrant fruit ranging in size from a large walnut to that of a small orange.
And here we are talking about the tropical Guava, Psidium guajava.
A number of ‘Seedless Guava’ tree varieties are now being offered by nurseries. The ‘Indonesian Seedless’ is one. When you cut it open the center of the fruit is a small cavity where the seeds would normally be found.
Other seedless varieties are around, some have fewer seeds, others vary a little as the number they have depending on the season.
Look for grafted plants for best results and consistent fruit quality.
Guava trees are a semi – deciduous tree native to tropical America. The Allahabad or White Guava and The Cherry Guava are two varieties popular with the home gardener.
Guava Trees are a tropical tree that will tolerate only light frosts. Best in USDA Zones 9b to 11.
They do require regular fertilizer and like to have adequate water, but not to be waterlogged.
Although they will reach around 8m they are easily pruned back to 3m.
These are a Tropical fruit tree and do require warmth.
Best in full sun and defiantly need to be protected from frosts.
In cooler climates plant Guavas against a sunny wall.
They can be grown in containers and moved indoors during cold periods.
In warmer climates Guava trees are very easy care. They will cope with dry periods and recover well.
Guava tree varieties and cultivars include :
- Beaumont – A popular variety with pink flesh.
- Detwiler – The only yellow fleshed variety
- Hong Kong Pink (one of he best for the home garden),
- Mexican Cream – One of the commercial varieties that is suited to the home garden.
- Kilo White Guava – White flesh and very few seeds
- Peruvian White Guava – White flesh, large fruit and few seeds.
- Thai White – White flesh and very few seeds, crisp and crunchy texture.
- Ruby Supreme – Pear-shaped, yellow skinned guavas with thick skin and pink flesh.
- Red Indian. – Pink to red flesh.
- Red Malaysian.
- Ruby X.
- Sweet White Indonesian. -Crisp white flesh.
- White Indian.
- White Seedless.
- Indonesian Seedless – Seedless or almost seedless
Also look for the related ‘Strawberry Guava’ as well as the Chilean Guava (Ugni Molinae)
Propagation of commercial varieties is by grafting.
Growing Guava from Seeds
Seeds are best planted in containers in a fine potting mix. Plant Guava seeds around 1/2 inch deep. They need warmth, moisture and good light to germinate. In cooler climates use a heated propagating tray.
Guava trees are available for sale from the following specialist nurseries.
GARDINO NURSERY Rare & Unusual Plants
Tropical plant nursery that specializing in a wide variety of rare and unusual plants. Shipping is available to retail and wholesale customers nationwide. Our site also contains lots of useful information on a variety of tropical plants (over 500 varieties) and a gardening guide.